Tibet, with its vast territory, spectacular landscape and rich resources, has long attracted people from all over the world with its unique scenery and splendid history and culture.
However, when you think of Tibet, where will you think of at the first moment? Just like zhuoma, what you think of at the first moment is the lofty and magnificent plateau temple — potala palace.
This tibetan-style palace built by mountains, with overlapping buildings, grand and imposing temple buildings, is the outstanding representative of tibetan-style ancient architecture, the essence of Chinese ancient architecture, is the landscape pattern on the back of the fifth set of RMB 50 yuan notes, and is one of the most representative images of Tibet.
It grows out of the rocks of a solitary peak, and against the sunlight, white palace walls and gilded pagodas shock many people who arrive in Lhasa for the first time.
Feel shock, many small friends wonder, why potala palace should be built on the high red mountain? Wouldn’t it be better to build it on the plain so that we can see it?
In fact, many palaces in Tibet are built on high mountains, and they take on different architectural forms as the mountains rise and fall. In mainland China, most of the buildings on the mountain are bulldozed to build houses, and the mountain changes with the building. In contrast, the architecture in Tibet advocates the integration of nature and man, and wraps the mountains with architecture to build the best houses without changing the status quo.
Why are these temples and palaces in Tibet built on top of mountains? Does this not increase the difficulty of building?
This is related to Tibet’s religious belief! As the early culture before the introduction of Indian Buddhism to Tibet, the traces of ancient xiangxiong culture run through all aspects of Tibet. “From production to life, from folk customs to beliefs, there are traces of xiangxiong culture everywhere. For example, worship to the mountain god, mountain turning and other religious activities and rituals, all from xiangxiong culture. Yongzhong benjiao is the core of ancient xiangxiong culture.
The benjiao religion divides the world into three realms: heaven, earth and underground, endows all things with divinity, and believes that gods and ghosts dominate everything in the world. This belief has lasted for a long time in Tibetan society and even been integrated into the national blood. It is said that due to the distance between heaven and earth, tibetans regard the towering mountains as a “road to heaven”, worshiping the mountain gods.