Presenting hada is a common ritual in the daily life of Tibetan people, and also an indispensable precious gift in local social activities.
Every time we set foot on the Tibetan area, the Tibetan compatriots will offer white hada warmly to welcome the guests from afar.
Hada is not only a symbol of friendship between people, but also a token of friendship between tibetans and other ethnic groups.
“Hada” is the transliteration of “kada” in the Tibetan language, which means silk and silk silk in the Tibetan language. It is a silk fabric used in ceremonial communication, which is similar to the ancient ceremony and silk of the han nationality.
It is customary to present hada in Tibetan areas to see Buddha statues, respect living buddhas, pay respects to elders, welcome and see off distinguished guests, and celebrate weddings and funerals.
With the development of The Times, the function of hada goes far beyond this scope. Nowadays, in the activities such as the commendation meeting, the celebration meeting and the jockey club, in addition to material rewards, a white hada is also presented to the winners for meritorious service. As an important part of Tibetan ritual culture, hada is more and more popular.
About the origin of hada?
The earliest hada is not silk. In ancient times, there was no silk in Tibetan areas, so people used animal skins and wool as gifts and prizes.
Historical records: in the ninth generation of zampu DE gongjie, the buddhist waitujian (meaning “wrapped wool head”) wrapped wool around the head and neck during religious rituals, and this custom was passed down from this time. With the progress of social productivity, people gradually learned to weave wool into the form of towel or silk instead of this custom, and the embryonic form of hada also gradually took shape.
Hada is related to religious customs as early as possible. From the mural of alitoding temple, there is a picture of hada presented in the scene where the people of guge kingdom welcome the zun of adi gorge to Tibet for preaching. It was in the year 1037 that the venerable man of artis gorge came to hide. At that time, the Tibetan people had the custom of presenting hada, which has a history of more than 900 years.
Since the time of zong khapa, the founder of huangjiao, the ritual and custom of offering hada to each other has become more and more popular among the people, and many unique customs have been formed through The Times. For example, according to the sources of tuguan religion, zongkhaba presented hada, white, pure yellow and deep blue, to his master in turn in three different times.
Hada is more than white
Hada has five colors: white, blue, red, green and yellow. The matched hada is called “da cui lang ang”, which means colorful hada. Multicolored hada is dedicated to Buddha, bodhisattva, wedding ribbon.
According to buddhist doctrine, multicolored hada is the dress of bodhisattva, so it is only offered at certain times. Wedding with colorful hada meaning for the colorful auspicious clouds to the wedding, to show good luck and happiness.