Lhasa, referred to as “la”, is the capital of China’s Tibet autonomous region. It is an international tourist city with plateau and ethnic characteristics. It is the political, economic, cultural, scientific and educational center of Tibet and the holy land of Tibetan Buddhism.
Lhasa is an ancient plateau city with a history of more than 1,300 years.
In the late 6th and 7th centuries, in order to consolidate and develop the newly established regime and avoid the interference of various nobles and chiefdoms in the former places, he decided to move the base area from the south of the mountain to Lhasa. The tang dynasty called it “luduo”.
Before the move, Lhasa was a barren swamp
After songtsen gambo moved the capital, he built palaces, built rivers and built temples, which laid the foundation for Lhasa. Jokhang temple was built during this period. Legend during the establishment of the temple by goat earth fill the lake.
In Tibetan, the sheep is called “yak” and the soil is called “sa”. After the construction of jokhang temple, it is called “yak”. As jokhang temple is the earliest building, people take “yasa” as the name of the city with jokhang temple as the center. Just now he is ready to go, he is ready to go with you.
With the rise of Buddhism, the city was regarded as a holy place.
In December 1994, the potala palace was listed on the UNESCO world cultural heritage list, marking that the ancient city of Lhasa has become a world-class cultural city.
The weather in Lhasa is sunny all year round, with little rainfall, no severe cold in winter and no scorching heat in summer.
The annual sunshine time is above 3000 hours, with an average of 8 hours and 15 minutes of sun every day. That’s almost half as much as the eastern region at the same latitude, and twice as much as the sichuan basin.
Lhasa is located in the central part of the qinghai-tibet plateau, with an altitude of 3,650 meters. It is one of the cities with the highest altitude in the world. The terrain is higher in the north and lower in the south, sloping from east to west.
As one of the first batch of national historic and cultural cities, Lhasa is famous for its beautiful scenery, long history, unique customs and folk customs, and strong religious color.
It has been awarded the honorary titles of excellent tourist city in China, favorite tourist city of European tourists, national civilized city, most secure city in China, top 200 charming cities with Chinese characteristics, top 200 charming cities with world characteristics, and top 100 cities in China in 2018.
While keeping its own mysterious charm, Lhasa is quickly absorbing the colorful cultures from all over the world. It can be said that Lhasa is the most suitable city for self-service travel. No matter where people come from, the thick exotic customs will make you look absentminded for a period of time, just like a dream.
Lhasa, as the political, economic and cultural center of Tibet as well as the holy land of buddhist culture, is a must-go place for tourists and pilgrims.
Its traffic is very convenient, the so-called all roads to Lhasa, choose the train, plane, drive, ride can enter.
Linzhi (linla expressway 409.2km) Lhasa. Linla expressway is called the highway with the highest appearance level, upgraded version of national highway 318.
The lin-la freeway is not really a highway. Because there are no tolls, many ramps are open, hence the name freeway. The updated version of the 318 is known as the “laring highway”.
There are three roads from nyingchi to Lhasa, linla senior highway, Lao national highway 318, provincial highway 306 (about two days’ journey from nyingchi to shannan to Lhasa).
Lin pull high – grade highway and national highway 318 is basically parallel to the highway, two-way 4 lanes.
The interval speed limit value is set as 100km/h for small vehicle and 80km/h for large vehicle
The speed limit values of Bridges, tunnels and other sections are set as 80km/h for small cars and 60km/h for large cars.
And the implementation of the full range and single point speed measurement, reach Lhasa about 5 hours.
Motorists should pay special attention to the possibility of motorcycles along the linla expressway at night.
National highway 318, the line is basically normal asphalt road.
Among them, people need to pay special attention to the road to see the scenery of mountain pass in mira pass. The road condition is poor, and there are many earth pits along the road, which is worse than the road condition of haitonggou that you have walked before. National highway 318 is parallel to linla highway, and you can choose which section to take.
Take provincial highway 306 to shannan and Lhasa
Nyingchi (high speed) — mirin — langxian — jiacha — shannan — gongga (high speed) Lhasa, in the case of sufficient time, can choose shannan section. The line runs along the Brahmaputra river.
The route can be covered in two days
The first day of the trip is nyingchi — pai town — yarlung zangbo river grand canyon. All roads along the route are paved with asphalt. After touring the yarlung zangbo river grand canyon, we will return to the original route and finally choose to stay in lang county.
The second day of the trip from langxian – jiacha – shannan – Lhasa, arrived at jiacha 45 km west drive, arrived at the mysterious legend of ramrazo, looking for their past lives.
There are two roads from gacha to sangri. It is recommended to drive about 77km on the newly built highway, a brand new asphalt road. The way is easier, the old way is rocky. It’s going to be a little bit further than the new road.
Ze gong high-speed
From shannan to Lhasa, it takes about 2 hours from zegong expressway to airport expressway to reach Lhasa directly.
From nyingchi to Lhasa, there are sufficient supplies of gasoline 92 and 95, including gasoline 98 at some stations.
“Eat” is a “must” in life, some people perfunctorily do not seek comfort, some people looking for pleasure. Don’t talk about feelings, only their own feelings of food, mining every opportunity to treat yourself.
With the belief in “eating”, after a full meal, one will not only get the satisfaction from the body, but also be moved by the heart. Let us, in the name of “eating”, re-examine their own lives, pilgrimage to Lhasa!
A Tibetan drink. Mostly eaten as a staple food with zanba. This drink is made from ghee and strong tea.
First, put proper amount of ghee into a special bucket, with salt, and then inject boiled strong tea juice, with wooden handle repeatedly rammed, so that ghee and tea juice as a whole, was milky.
Ghee tea has extremely high quantity of heat, chun xiang is goluptious, drink on one mouthful, the spirit is cool, have thicker milk flavour, it is the good thing that complements physical strength really nevertheless.
The Tibetan language is called “qiang”, which is made from the highland barley, a main grain produced on the qinghai-tibet plateau. There are high-degree wine and low-degree wine. It is essential for celebrating festivals, getting married, having children and greeting friends and relatives.
The highland barley liquor is called “highland maotai”.
It is one of the traditional staple food of Tibetan herdsmen. “Zanba” is the Tibetan translation of Fried noodles, it is made of barley or peas and so on after Fried into flour, food mixing butter tea knead into a group to eat, but also can be adjusted to salt tea, yogurt or barley wine.
Pair with ghee tea for a special flavor. However, the first to eat zanba may not be used to, it is recommended to eat less.
There are many ways to eat it, such as air-drying, coleslaw, grilling, shabu shabu or stir-frying.
At present, there is a processing plant for yak beef, which can be made into vacuum-packed cooked food. It is also very convenient for tourists to buy it, and they can bring it home and give it to their friends. You can eat it in local restaurants in Tibet.
Tins of yogurt can be found at major street corners along Beijing east road and at unremarkable shops along barkhor street hutong. Mixed with sugar with a spoon to eat, sour enough sweet enough thick, just called tunnel.
Tibetan bean jelly
The special thing of Tibetan style is chilli. Tibetan style chilli is different from oil chilli. Tibetan gazpacho is also served with potato chunks. In the streets of barkhor street, it is usually sold for one yuan a bowl.
Sweet tea in Lhasa
With a history of more than one hundred years, it has become a distinctive beverage in Lhasa catering culture. Lhasa sweet tea is made of boiled black tea juice, milk or milk powder and white sugar.
Tibetan noodle is a typical Tibetan breakfast, which is a traditional Tibetan snack. It is boiled with yak broth, which is very fragrant. The noodles are made of highland barley flour, which is a bit soft and hard on the outside. Finally a cup of sweet tea, meet!
It is a popular food in Tibet. The most common is curry beef rice, Tibet, India, Nepal area taste, spicy and strong. When cooking, leave more liquid in the soup. Use a little too white water to thicken the sauce and pour over the rice.