Sho Dun Festival is one of the most important traditional festivals in Tibet, which generally takes place in late June and early July of the Tibetan calendar. In May 2006, Sho Dun Festival was selected as the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. The opening ceremony of the 2019 Sho Dun Festival is held in public on August 30th and lasts for one week until September 5th. Public August 30, 2019 is June 30 of the Tibetan calendar, which is the opening ceremony of Sho Dun Festival. On that day, the largest Buddha exhibition ceremony will be held in drepung temple.
What is Sho Dun Festival? How big is it? What are the customs? Why are so many people rushing to visit?
What is “Sho Dun Festival”?
Sho Dun Festival in Lhasa is one of the most solemn, largest and richest festivals in Tibet. Sho Dun Festival is called “Tibetan opera Festival” and “Buddha exhibition Festival”. Every Sho Dun Festival, Lhasa people will have a 7-day holiday and all the people will revel.
The origin of Sho Dun Festival
According to the provisions of the gelug sect of Tibetan Buddhism (huangjiao)
The Tibetan calendar is banned from June 15 to 30 every year
Lamas from large and small temples are not allowed to go out
So as not to crush the worm
Only when the ban is lifted on June 30 can they go down the mountain
When lamas go down the mountain, farmers and herdsmen take out the yogurt to offer, forming the Sho Dun Festival
The shaton buddhist festival is also a grand occasion to celebrate the arrival of the king
Every year the Tibetan calendar June 15
Legend has it that Buddha entered the womb on this day
Buddha sakyamuni was reincarnated as a human being
Because the Sho Dun Festival period
There was a grand Tibetan opera performance and a grand buddhist drying ceremony
Therefore, some people also call it “Tibetan opera festival” and “buddhist drying festival”.
Sho Dun Festival custom
Tan Buddha ceremony
A grand and grand Buddha drying ceremony, also known as the exhibition of Buddha, is the prelude of Sho Dun Festival. On the mountainside of drepung monastery in the morning, accompanied by the fish-belly whiteness of the east, a huge thangka slowly unfurls from the first ray of sunshine and the long and solemn sound of the dharma horn, revealing the benevolent smile of sakyamuni Buddha overlooking all living beings.
If you listen carefully, you can hear the sounds of bronze, drums, and gongs, and the chanting of monks. Let a person seem to be in the scene, every pore can feel the kind of solemn and heavy energy… Straight through the ocean wheel, shocking… Remote and simple, with a strong sense of religious ceremony!
I think there is no way for people without the scene to feel, in front of a strong faith, the self is too small.
This scene, the believers have hands together, chanting sutras, pray and throw hada to the Buddha, the scene is very spectacular, sacred.
Tibetan opera performance
In the numerous programs of Sho Dun Festival, Tibetan opera is another important one. In order to meet the expectation of Tibetan opera fans, from the 1st day to the 7th day of Sho Dun Festival, Tibetan opera troups from all over the world will take turns to perform splendid Tibetan opera in norbulinka and zongjiao lukang park for the vast number of fans.
All the people gathered and put on a carnival. Friends and family sit around leisurely, carrying barley wine, buttered tea and Tibetan cakes made by themselves. Many tibetans listen to Tibetan opera, shake prayer wheels or twist buddhist beads.
The Tibetan opera consists of eight Tibetan operas, such as king nosada and princess wencheng. With its sonorous and moving singing, cadence and soliloquy, magical and magnificent masks, ancient and solemn costumes and beautiful dancing gestures, the Tibetan opera has experienced more than 600 years of training and training, and exudes a unique charm that is naturally formed and rich in cultural heritage.
Through a forest
Linka, translated into Chinese means garden. For example, norburingka used to be a “precious garden” specially designed for senior officials in Tibet. However, nowadays, many tibetans do not have to have a formal garden to live in linka. As long as there are thick woods and a meadow, people can put up tents and live in a noisy linka.
Guolinka refers to a leisure activity of Tibetan friends. On warm, sunny days, they set up tents, lay out carpets, lay out some barley wine and other snacks, drink and sing gamely, and enjoy the pleasure of nature.
Tibetan friends from all over Tibet carried tents and blankets to norbulinka to find a piece of land, and their families gathered in a circle to enjoy a happy day.
In addition to watching Tibetan opera, Lin ka, inevitably must eat yogurt!!! Dressed in festive costumes and all the jewellery they could find, they talked and drank, danced and sang. The most important thing is that this leben themed party can make us party for a week!
In Sho Dun Festival, you can taste plateau yogurt with original taste, pure green, no pollution and no addition. Don’t believe, plateau simple people a lot of even what is additive do not know, they use the most primitive method ferment, the yoghurt that makes comes out is particularly mellow thick, there may be a layer of yellow butter floating above.
Highland yoghurt does not have what inland fresh milk shop buys so exquisite, oneself add sweet degree appropriate white sugar to stir ceaselessly, you can see it more and more fine slippery, one spoon entrance, delicious unsurpassed!
The Sho Dun Festival has many other exciting events and trade fairs to explore.
In addition, the opening ceremony of Sho Dun Festival every year is an exciting visual feast, let’s wait and see!