In Lhasa, and even in Tibet, “paguo” is the oldest turning street, as well as the most charming commercial street and cultural street.
In the Tibetan language, “pa” means middle and “kuo” means turn. The combined “pa kuo” means middle turning road. It is named because it is larger than the “capsule kuo”, the corridor of the turning road in jokhang temple, and smaller than the “Lin kuo” turning road around the old city of Lhasa. “Pakuo” is also known as “ba kuo”, which is commonly known as Barkhor Street. It starts at the main gate of jokhang temple, turns clockwise around jokhang temple, and ends at the main gate of jokhang temple again. The total length is about 1500 meters.
During the songtsan gambo period in the 7th century AD, jokhang temple began to be built and craftsmen built some simple houses around it for a while. This is probably the earliest prototype of “paguo”. Because later, after the completion of the jokhang temple consecrate a life-size statue of sakyamuni, and attracted many followers, day after day, year after year to worship, eight profile and surrounding the jokhang temple became a night for followers, where to buy necessities of gathering, with a large number of houses, shops, hotels and manual mill emerged gradually. Later, many merchants, hawkers and worshipers from India, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Kashmir and other countries and regions, as well as sichuan, qinghai, gansu and other provinces of China gradually became active in bkuo. Finally, bkuo became a famous district of Lhasa, integrating religion, tourism, culture, folk customs and shopping.
At present, Barkhor Street has basically maintained the original features of Lhasa, and there are still many old storage houses, and the large simmering stoves encountered on the Street from time to time keep the smoke curling up. Shops that lined the street lined with, runs a rotatable design, Tibetan jewelry, card pad, Tibet wool, Tibetan dao, hat, boots, ghee, wooden bowl, thangka, Tibetan carpets and from India, Nepal, perfume, clothing, handicrafts and other products, visitors from all over the world walk among them, the bargaining with vendors.
Of course, the most striking thing in the crowd is always the spinning wheel, the mumbling, the staring transitors.no matter what happens around them, their life is always the same, day after day, night after night. The Tibetan compatriots who came to Lhasa from sichuan, qinghai and other places to worship with their heads bowed all the way have worn hard callus on their foreheads, but their chanting voice is still so high and their kowtowing body is still so stretched, which has become a unique cultural landscape of Barkhor Street. This is probably the power of faith.