1.Keep a good attitude
If you are too nervous, worry unnecessarily, think too much, and panic when you feel a little discomfort, giving yourself negative psychological hints will only aggravate the physical discomfort and prolong the relief time. In fact, many of the symptoms of altitude sickness are related to psychological effects. Don’t get too excited and impulsive.
At the beginning of the friends on the plateau, do not see plateau, snow mountains, on the surge, excited, Shouting, running and jumping. This will only lead to endocrine imbalance, increase the burden of the heart and lungs, aggravating altitude sickness.
2.Drink plenty of water
During high-altitude activities, adequate drinking water can help you maintain body balance, improve blood circulation, increase oxygen supply capacity, reduce cardiopulmonary burden, and rapidly expel toxins, so as to adapt to the high-altitude environment in a very short time, get rid of the pain of altitude sickness, and recover good condition and energy.
Generally speaking, in the high altitude should drink at least 2-35 liters of water every day, water supplement is reasonable, can be sufficient urine volume, urine is clear, at least light yellow as the criteria. In addition to boiled water, can also add glucose in the water, American ginseng slices, banlangen granule, fruit, etc., supplement energy, enhance the ability to resist diseases, prevent colds and so on.
Plateau weather features are: low temperature, generally every 1000 meters above sea level, the temperature drops 5-6℃; The temperature difference between morning and evening, day and night, the weather changes fast, just sunny, soon may be a big storm, thunderstorm and hail. Therefore, in the plateau must pay attention to keep warm and guard against cold.
Must take enough cold resistant clothings, and change clothes frequently, add reduce clothings must be in time, accomplish “appropriate is warm unfavorable cool”. In addition, as little as possible to take a shower, shampoo. People at high altitude, the body function imbalance, resistance decline, vulnerable to disease. Never bathe during the first few days of high altitude. Never bathe during high altitude symptoms. Pulmonary edema and brain edema can kill.
In the hypoxic environment in the plateau, human metabolism is affected, and the function of digestive system is weakened compared with that in the plain area, but the energy and vitamins consumed by human body in the plateau area are greatly increased compared with that in the plain area.
On dietary arrangement, eat more digestible food, eat less greasy food, should not eat too full, to increase the carbohydrate (should account for more than 60%) and the proportion of high plant protein, increase the intake of various vitamins, so as to provide heat quickly, improve the ability to adapt to the body.
5.Organize your schedule
The first time to go to the plateau, it is suggested that the journey is best from “front Tibet” to “back Tibet”, such a process. Lhasa and shannan areas are called “former Tibet”, xigaze areas are called “later Tibet”, and the whole northern Tibetan plateau is called “ali”.
The passage between the front and the back is the nimu gorge in the middle reaches of the ya river. Nyingchi is a former Tibet with an altitude of only over 2,000 meters. Nyingchi is known as the little south of the Yangtze river in Tibet. The scenery is also very nice.
6.Stay up late and get up early
Plateau night is often more difficult than the day, the oxygen content in the air at night is lower, the human body itself in the sleep state, not as during the day through active adjustment of breathing to alleviate hypoxia, breathing will gradually fall to the frequency of the plain, leading to hypoxia, affecting the quality of sleep. Better method is, be aimed at oneself peacetime morpheus habit, defer 1 hour or so to sleep again slightly again.
Under the premise of keeping warm, the room or tent must be well ventilated. The room can be properly open the window, tent attention to fully open the vent, if necessary to lock the seam. Altitude air is thin, and breathing a fixed volume of air in a closed environment can lead to headaches and other discomfort.
7.necessary drug adjuvant treatment
For those who are new to the plateau, they can start to take the medicine 1 to 3 days before entering the high altitude area. Guard against colds, as even mild respiratory infections increase the risk of developing high altitude pulmonary edema. Take anti-cold medicine as soon as you notice the initial symptoms of a cold. If wait for disease to rise to take again after, already invalid commonly.
When highland reaction causes a headache, can choose to add add 100 fu ning to wait for pain-relieving tablet, when reaction is heavier, still suggest to look to nearby hospital. Still have the friend that suggests reaction slightly heavier, in have no danger and can bear below the circumstance, do not take oxygen as far as possible, rely on oneself to adapt hard. Once inhaled, dependence will be generated, I’m afraid you will be difficult to leave it in the future in the plateau.